History of 27th August- The father of Indian football

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Explore the history of 27th August  through notable events like the Battle of Mycale, Olivier van Noort’s exploration, and the birth of Indian football’s father, Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari. This narrative delves into the evolution of Indian football,  highlighting Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s pivotal role in shaping the sport and fostering inclusivity.

The history of 27th August takes us to the year 479 BCE when on this day the Battle of Mycale was fought which was a part of the Greco-Persian Wars. The battle was won by the Greek forces over Persian naval troops on the Ionian coast.

Moving on with the history of 27th August, we come to the year 1601 when on this day Olivier van Noort completed his first Dutch exploration of new world.

Other significant events from the history of 27th August are:-

Year 1604 – The Adi Guru Granth Sahib was replaced in the Golden Temple of Amritsar.

Year 1950 – On this day, in the history of the world of television, the BBC broadcast for the first time a site-based live broadcast. two to plan the broadcast.

Year 1999 – Sonali Banerjee became India’s first woman marine engineer on this day.

With this we come to the feature story from the history of 27th August where we remember Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari the father of Indian football on his birth anniversary.

The Evolution of Indian Football: Unveiling the Journey of Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari

The story of Indian football is a tapestry woven with passion, determination, and a young boy’s curiosity. This tale commences with an eight-year-old named Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari, who would go on to earn the moniker “Father of Indian Football.” His journey unfolds against the backdrop of British colonial rule, marking the transformation of a nation’s relationship with a sport that would eventually become a cultural phenomenon.

Football‘s origins in India are entwined with the arrival of British colonizers during the early 19th century. While records indicate football matches taking place in port cities such as Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay, they remained primarily confined to the European community, particularly British army and naval officers stationed in the country.

However, a pivotal moment arrived in 1877, a few months after Queen Victoria’s official ascension as the Empress of India. This marked the birth of Indian football when young Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari, heir to a distinguished Bengal aristocratic family, stumbled upon British soldiers playing football on the grounds of the Calcutta Football Club. This serendipitous encounter would lead to a series of events that would reshape India’s sporting landscape.

The incident sparked a spark of curiosity within Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari, compelling him to take a closer look at the intriguing game. An incidental interaction with a British soldier resulted in his first kick of a football, possibly the first recorded instance of an Indian engaging in the sport. Whether he was truly the first Indian to kick a football remains debated, but the significance of this event in Indian football’s history is undeniable.

Enthused by this experience, Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari shared his encounter with unbridled enthusiasm among his peers at Calcutta’s renowned Hare School. His infectious excitement led to a collective decision among his friends to pool their resources and purchase a football. A trip to a sporting goods store inadvertently yielded a rugby ball instead of a football, reflecting the then-prevailing confusion between the two sports.

Despite their unintended deviation, the group’s spirited attempts at playing football with a rugby ball drew a fascinated crowd. Among them were European teachers who witnessed their enthusiastic efforts. A professor from the Presidency College, GA Stack, recognized their passion and graciously intervened to teach them the rules of the game. With his guidance, Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s understanding of football deepened.

This young enthusiast’s impact extended beyond casual games. He spearheaded the formation of the Boys’ Club, India’s first organized football club, inspiring students from institutions like Presidency College, Calcutta Medical College, and St. Xavier’s College to establish their own teams. Collaborating with his friend Nagendra Mullick, he established the Friend’s Club, a significant step that laid the foundation for club football in India.

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Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s commitment to the sport intensified after joining the Presidency College. He established a series of sporting clubs in Calcutta, each progressively larger and more ambitious. The Wellington Club and the Sovabazar Club stand out among his initiatives. The Sovabazar Club, established with support from the royal families, particularly symbolized societal progress by embracing members across class, caste, community, and religious affiliations.

One of Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s triumphs was the formation of the Indian Football Association (IFA) in 1892, a crucial milestone in shaping the sport’s structure in India. Although he declined to become its first Indian member, his influence was instrumental in nominating Kali Mitter for the position. This association laid the groundwork for the eventual establishment of the All India Football Federation (AIFF) in 1937.

Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s legacy is one of resilience and transformation. He shattered class barriers in football, championing inclusivity by welcoming players from diverse backgrounds. His Sovabazar Club’s triumph in the 1892 Trades Cup marked a watershed moment, as an all-Indian team defeated a British counterpart, foreshadowing Mohun Bagan’s iconic IFA Shield victory in 1911.

The journey of the “Father of Indian Football” was immortalized on the silver screen through the Bengali biopic “Golondaaj.” Directed by Dhrubo Banerjee and starring Dev as Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari, the film brought his inspiring life and accomplishments to a broader audience in 2021.


Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari’s passion for football transcended boundaries and ignited a flame that continues to burn brightly in the hearts of Indians. His indomitable spirit, commitment to inclusivity, and role in shaping the nation’s footballing landscape have rightfully earned him his title as the father of Indian football.

That’s all from the history of 27th August.

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