Today’s episode includes the significant events from the history of 26th July. It covers a range of events from various time periods, including battles, declarations of governance, and a notable conflict, the Kargil War. The main focus is on the Kargil War, providing a detailed account of its occurrence and its implications.
History of 26th July begins with the Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside the Euphrates River in the year 657. This is followed by the Battle of Pliska where Bulgarians under Krum beats the Byzantines.
As we move forward with the history of 26th July, we see that it was this day when James V was declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament in the year 1524. He was just 12 years old then.
We also find that it was this day in the year 1982 when Amitabh Bachchan was seriously injured during the filming of a fight scene for the movie “Coolie”.
With this, we come to the feature story from the history of 26th July.
The Kargil War
Perhaps the most significant history of 26th July is it was this day when the Kargil war ended. The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil Conflict, took place between India and Pakistan from May to July 1999. It was fought in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir and other areas along the Line of Control (LoC). In India, this conflict is referred to as Operation Vijay, which was the codename for the Indian military operation in the region. The Indian Air Force collaborated with the Indian Army in a joint effort to drive out the Pakistan Army and paramilitary troops from the vacated Indian positions along the LoC. This operation was known as Operation Safed Sagar.
The conflict was instigated by the infiltration of Pakistani troops, disguised as Kashmiri militants, into strategic positions on the Indian side of the LoC. The LoC serves as the de facto border between the two countries in the disputed region of Kashmir. Initially, Pakistan attributed the fighting solely to independent Kashmiri insurgents, but evidence found with casualties and later statements by Pakistan’s Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff revealed the involvement of Pakistani paramilitary forces, led by General Ashraf Rashid. Eventually, the Indian Army, with the support of the Indian Air Force, recaptured most of the positions on the Indian side of the LoC. In the face of international diplomatic pressure, Pakistani forces withdrew from all remaining Indian positions along the LoC.
The Kargil War is noteworthy for being the most recent example of high-altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which presented significant logistical challenges for both sides. It also stands as one of only two instances of conventional warfare between nuclear-armed states, the other being the Sino-Soviet border conflict. India had conducted its first successful nuclear test in 1974, while Pakistan, which had been developing its nuclear capability secretly since around the same time, conducted its first known tests in 1998, just two weeks after a second series of tests by India.
That’s all for the day from the history of 26th July.