Explore significant events from the history of 23rd July that includes the Arab conquest of Palestine, the Battle of Gavere, the journey to New France, Napoleon Bonaparte’s capture of Alexandria, the invention of the typewriter, the Battle of Custoza, the opening of Alexandra Park, the devastating earthquake in Ariano, Italy, and the emergence of radio broadcasting in India. Discover the impact of these events on the shaping of our world.
The year was 636 when the Arabs gained control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire on this day. This conquest is known as the siege of Jerusalem which was a part of the Muslim conquest of the Levant and the result of the military efforts of the Rashidun Caliphate against the Byzantine Empire. With this information, I begin this episode from the history of 23rd July.
The next event which I share from the history of 23rd July is the Battle of Gavere which was fought at Semmerzake, near Gavere, in the County of Flanders (modern-day Belgium) on 23 July 1453, between the army of Philip the Good of Burgundy and the rebelling city of Ghent. The battle ended the Revolt of Ghent with a Burgundian victory. The Revolt of Ghent was an uprising by the citizens of Ghent against the regime of the Holy Roman Emperor and Spanish King Charles V in 1539. The revolt was a reaction to high taxes, which the Flemish felt were used solely to fight wars abroad (in particular the Italian War of 1536–1538).
Studying the history of 23rd July I also find that it was this day three hundred colonists started their journey from Dieppe for their trip to New France. This was the beginning of the country we know today as France. This was also the day when Napoleon Bonaparte captured Alexandria, Egypt in the year 1798. More on the history of 23rd July is from the year 1829 when William Austin Burt patents America’s first “typographer” (typewriter). The battle of the Custoza-Italian War of Independence started on this day in the year 1848. Again the year 1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London, England on this day. And then the infamous Earthquake that took the life of above 1500 people in Ariano, Italy, struck on this day in the year 1930.
Many such events shaped our world as we know today from which I have selected a feature story for my readers from the history of 23rd July.
Radio broadcasting in India
In the annals of India’s rich broadcasting history, June 1923 marked the dawn of a revolutionary medium – Radio Broadcasting. Operating under the British Raj, the first programs were initiated by the Bombay Presidency Radio Club and various other radio clubs. This early era set the foundation for a new form of mass communication that would shape the nation’s cultural and informational landscape.
On 23 July 1927, a crucial agreement was reached, granting authorization to the private Indian Broadcasting Company Ltd (IBC) to operate two radio stations: one in Bombay, commencing operations that very day, and another in Calcutta, which followed on 26 August 1927. Despite initial successes, the IBC faced financial challenges and ultimately went into liquidation on 1 March 1930.
In the aftermath of the IBC’s dissolution, the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) was established by the government on 1 April 1930, on an experimental basis for two years. By May 1932, the ISBS was officially launched and eventually transformed into All India Radio on 8 June 1936, becoming the country’s premier radio broadcasting service.
At the time of India’s independence, the nation boasted six radio stations, located in Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Tiruchirapalli, and Lucknow, serving as powerful means of communication and information dissemination.
As technology advanced, so did broadcasting methods. On 23 July 1977, India embraced FM broadcasting, marking a new chapter in radio broadcasting, beginning in Chennai (then known as Madras). This innovation allowed for improved sound quality and more diverse programming, enriching the radio experience for listeners across the country.
Throughout its evolution, radio broadcasting in India has transcended time, fostering unity, entertainment, and knowledge dissemination among its diverse population, leaving an indelible mark on the nation’s cultural fabric.
What's Your Reaction?
A devoted foodie with keen interest in wild life, music, cinema and travel Somashis has evolved over time . Being an enthusiastic reader he has recently started making occasional contribution to write-ups.