Explore the history of 21st June which includes the conquest of Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt in 68 AD and the granting of the first medical diploma in America in 1768. These stories highlight the impact of historical events on the shaping of societies and the progression of fields such as warfare and medicine.
Studying history has been a passion of mine since my school days. I firmly believe that our present state is shaped by the events of the past. As I delve into the history of 21st June, I find that on this day in 1941, Chakraborty Rajagopalacharya became the first Indian Governor General of our country. Additionally, it is also the day which marks the implementation of the United States Constitution in 1788. Numerous other noteworthy events have occurred on this date, and I have handpicked a few to share.
My first story from the history of 21st June takes us back to the year 68AD – The Great Jewish Revolt.
Roman General Vespasian Conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt
Judaea, which is now encompassed within modern-day Israel, had maintained an alliance with the Roman Empire since the second century BC and eventually came under direct Roman governance in 6 AD. However, as time passed, the region started experiencing growing turmoil.
The local population began to resist Roman authority, and this resistance escalated into a large-scale rebellion in 66 AD. The catalyst for this uprising was a deplorable act where an individual desecrated a sacred synagogue by pouring out a pot of urine. This vile act deeply offended the Jewish community, leading to an eruption of anger and a subsequent riot. During this tumultuous event, some Jews directed insults towards Florus, the Roman Governor of Judaea. Gradually it led to a wide-scale revolt.
Following this Roman General Vespasian, leading his legions, achieved a crucial victory by conquering the city of Jericho on the 21st of June 68 AD. Jericho, located in the Jordan Valley, held strategic importance due to its geographical position and economic significance. Known as one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, it was a thriving center of trade and commerce.
Vespasian, a seasoned Roman general, was appointed by Emperor Nero to suppress the Jewish rebellion. He led the Roman forces with determination and military expertise. The Roman legions under his command were known for their discipline, organization, and superior combat skills.
With Jericho under Jewish rebel control, its capture became a priority for Vespasian. He recognized the city’s significance as a stronghold and understood that its conquest would provide a strategic advantage in subduing the wider revolt.
Vespasian’s forces laid siege to Jericho, employing various military tactics to weaken the defenses of the city. After a fierce struggle, the Roman legions managed to breach the walls, overpowering the Jewish defenders. The fall of Jericho to the Roman forces dealt a severe blow to the morale of the Jewish rebels.
Following the capture of Jericho, Vespasian continued his military campaign, gradually regaining control over other major Jewish strongholds in the region. His success in Jericho bolstered the Roman forces and further weakened the resolve of the Jewish rebels.
Ultimately, the Great Jewish Revolt would come to an end in 73 AD with the fall of the fortress of Masada. The Roman victory in Jericho and subsequent military triumphs paved the way for the reestablishment of Roman control over Judaea.
Now let us shift our focus to some medical history in my next story from the history of 21st June.
Granting of the First Medical Diploma in America
The year was 1768, and the date was the 21st of June. On this day Mr. John Archer became Dr. John Archer. It marked the granting of the first medical diploma in America.
Dr. John Archer emerged as a pioneering figure in the field of medicine during a time when formal medical education in the United States was still in its infancy. The College of Philadelphia, now known as the University of Pennsylvania, played a pivotal role in shaping medical education and professional standards in the country.
With the granting of the first medical diploma, the College of Philadelphia set a precedent for the establishment of medical schools and the recognition of medical degrees in America. This development signified a shift toward a more structured and standardized approach to medical education.
This event laid the foundation for the growth and advancement of medical education in the United States. Subsequently, medical schools and institutions were established across the country, fostering the development of highly skilled and knowledgeable physicians.
That’s all for the day, but before I bid say good bye let me inform you that Puja Curtains go up with KHUTI PUJA at Mohammad Ali Park. Here is a pictures of the event you.
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A devoted foodie with keen interest in wild life, music, cinema and travel Somashis has evolved over time . Being an enthusiastic reader he has recently started making occasional contribution to write-ups.