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History of 18th July- Rohini 1

History of 18th July- Rohini 1

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History of 18th July

Today’s episode is on the history of 18th July where the author takes his readers on a nostalgic journey to the adventures of Asterix & Obelix, drawing a parallel with the historical Battle of Allia. He further delves into various significant events on this date. The feature story highlights India’s milestone in space exploration with the successful launch of Rohini 1 on 18th July 1980.

In my childhood, I cherished the adventures of Asterix & Obelix, those renowned Gauls who drank the magic potion and triumphed over the Roman army. However, upon reading the history of 18th of July, I discovered an intriguing parallel. On this very date in 390 BCE, during the Battle of Allia, the Gauls managed a significant victory against the formidable Roman forces. Reading this my vivid imagination transported me to the heart of the battlefield, where I envisioned Asterix and Obelix fearlessly engaging the Romans, employing their legendary strength to toss the enemy soldiers into the air, just like the heroes of my cherished comic books.

Coming back to reality let me continue with the history of 18th July. Well, often Hitler is accused of showing discrimination against the Jews. But he is not the first one, much earlier King Edward I orders the expulsion of Jews from England in the year 1290. This edict continued for 350 years.

Continuing the history of 18th July, I see that on this day in the year 1743, the first-ever half-page advertisement was published in New York Weekly journal. Then in the year 1766 Society of the Dutch Literary was formed. In 1768 Boston Gazette publishes “Liberty Song”, America’s 1st patriotic song, and many more.

Now let me share the feature story from the history of 18th July.

Rohini 1: India’s First Step into Space

On July 18, 1980, India marked a historic milestone in its space journey with the successful launch of Rohini 1 (RS-1), an indigenous satellite, launched from Indian soil at Sriharikota. Rohini 1 was a 35 kg experimental spin-stabilized satellite and was a significant achievement for the country’s space program and laid the foundation for future space endeavors. Prior to this, Aryabhatta was India’s first satellite; it was completely designed and fabricated in India and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.

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RS-1 was a 35 kg experimental spin-stabilized satellite designed with a power handling capability of 16W. It was successfully launched onboard SLV-3 from SHAR Centre on July 18, 1980, into an orbit of 305 x 919 km with an inclination of 44.7°. All the fourth-stage parameters of SLV-3 were successfully telemetered to the ground stations by RS-1 during the launch phase. The satellite had an orbital life of 9 months. The satellite carried a Digital sun sensor, Magnetometer, and temperature sensors. The structure was made of Aluminium Alloy.

That’s all from the history of 18th July.

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