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Calcutta GPO – Story of the day 13th of March

Calcutta GPO – Story of the day 13th of March

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Calcutta GPO in the year 1875 clicked by Photographer: W. G. Stretton

Know the history of 13th March in this story. The most distinguishing event of this day is the beginning of the first post office in the country – the Calcutta GPO.

Hello, I am time. I have witnessed it all. Be the creation or be the distruction. So today I bring to you the history of this day which is the 13th of March. The most significant event in history for this day, the 13th of March goes back to the year 1774. It was on this day that the first post office, the Calcutta GPO, started its operation in the country. It was a milestone achievement in the communication system of the country.

The Calcutta GPO is one of the most iconic buildings in the city of Kolkata which is located in the heart of the city. The Calcutta GPO is a heritage building that has stood the test of time and continues to serve as a symbol of the city’s history and culture. It was established as a means of facilitating communication and postal services between the different parts of the British Empire.

The Calcutta GPO was initially housed in a small building on what is now known as B.B.D. Bagh. However, as the demand for postal services grew, the need for a larger and more modern building became apparent. In 1864, construction began on the present-day Calcutta GPO building. Designed by Walter B. Grenville, a British architect, the building was completed in 1868 and remains one of the finest examples of colonial architecture in India. The building’s distinctive red brick facade, Corinthian columns, and towering clock tower have become emblematic of Kolkata’s architectural heritage.

The Calcutta GPO has played a significant role in the city’s history. During India’s struggle for independence, the building served as a meeting place for freedom fighters and political activists. It was from here that revolutionary leaders such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and Khudiram Bose planned their movements and carried out their activities.

Today, the Calcutta GPO continues to serve as a vital link between Kolkata’s residents and the rest of the world. The building houses the headquarters of the India Post’s Kolkata Circle, which manages the postal services for the entire state of West Bengal. The GPO also houses a Philatelic Bureau, where stamp collectors can purchase stamps and other philatelic items.

In addition to its postal services, the Calcutta GPO has also become a popular tourist attraction. The building’s clock tower offers stunning views of the city, and the GPO’s interior is decorated with beautiful murals and stained glass windows. The building also hosts regular exhibitions and events, showcasing Kolkata’s rich cultural heritage.

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The Calcutta GPO is not just a building but an integral part of Kolkata’s history and culture. It has served as a symbol of communication and connectivity for over two centuries and continues to play a significant role in the city’s daily life. As a testament to its cultural and historical importance, the Calcutta GPO was designated as a Heritage Building by the Government of India in 1976, ensuring its preservation for generations to come.


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