21st April History-Mughals, North Pole & Rao

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21st April History - Baji Rao 1 became Peshwa, The Battle of Panipat 1 and Sanjay Thapar was the first Indian to land in North Pole

April 21st History is marked by significant events that have changed the course of history. This date has marked numerous occasions worth remembering. Let’s take a glimpse into the past and explore some of the noteworthy events that have taken place on this day in history.

The NCERT recently declared that it would remove specific chapters regarding the Mughal Empire from class 12 history textbooks. This decision sparked a significant backlash from multiple factions in the political sphere, who strongly criticized the move to erase Mughal history from the curriculum. However, my intention is not to comment on such a topic, but to bring forward the 21st April history in this article. This day is marked as the beginning of the Mughal rule, my first story.

The Beginning of the Mughal Rule

21st April history, the year 1526. It is on this day that the first battle of Panipat took place between the Mughal Emperor Babur and the ruler of the Lodi dynasty, Ibrahim Lodi. The battle marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire’s conquest of India.

Ibrahim Lodi, who had ascended to the throne in 1517, was determined to expel Babur and his army from India. However, Babur had already established a strong foothold in northern India and was ready to face the Lodi army.

The battle lasted for several hours, and both sides suffered heavy casualties. In the end, Babur emerged victorious, and Ibrahim Lodi was killed in the battle. This paved the way for Babur to establish the Mughal Empire in India.

The first battle of Panipat is considered one of the most significant battles in Indian history. It marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire’s rule in India, which lasted for over three centuries. The battle also demonstrated Babur’s military prowess and strategic genius, which helped him establish and consolidate his power in the region.

Now let us go forward another 200 years….

Baji Rao I becomes Peshwa

21st April history takes us to the year 1720. Baji Rao I succeeded Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath as the new Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Balaji Vishwanath passed away on 4 April 1720, after serving as Peshwa for nearly nine years. Baji Rao I, who was Balaji Vishwanath’s son-in-law, became the fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire.

Baji Rao I is known for his military campaigns and his efforts to expand the Maratha Empire. He is also credited with establishing the Peshwa dynasty as a major force in Indian politics. During his reign, he conquered several territories, including Malwa, Gujarat, and Bundelkhand. He also defeated the Nizam of Hyderabad in the Battle of Palkhed in 1728.

Overall, Baji Rao I’s reign was marked by significant military and political achievements, and he played a crucial role in shaping the history of the Maratha Empire.

There are so many significant events in the history of our country that shaped what we know today as India. But do you know who was the first Indian to land the North Pole on the North Pole via parachute? Well, read my next story on this…

Indian Flag In North Pole

On 21 April 1996, Sanjay Thapar, a Squadron Leader of the Indian Air Force, made history by becoming the first Indian to land on the North Pole via parachute. Thapar, along with five other adventurers, embarked on a daring expedition to the top of the world.

The journey to the North Pole was a challenging one, with the team facing extreme weather conditions, shifting ice floes, and the constant danger of falling into the frigid waters of the Arctic Ocean. However, Thapar and his team persevered, and after several days of trekking across the ice, they finally reached their destination.

Once at the North Pole, Thapar performed a solo parachute jump from an altitude of 7,500 feet, landing safely on the frozen tundra. His achievement was a testament to the bravery, skill, and determination of the Indian Air Force, and it remains a source of pride for the people of India to this day.

Thapar’s achievement also served to highlight the importance of exploration and scientific research in the polar regions. The North Pole is a critical area for understanding climate change and the effects of human activity on the environment. By pushing the boundaries of what was possible, Thapar and his team helped to advance our understanding of this vital region and the challenges facing it.

Well, you read about the first Indian to reach the top of the world, now let us talk about the place where you need to start your journey to reach Mount Everest. Yes my next story is on Nepal

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24th May

Loktantra Diwas in Nepal

On April 21, 2006, King Gyanendra of Nepal made a historic announcement, in which he declared that he would hand over power to the elected government. This was a significant development in Nepal’s political history, as it marked the end of the king’s direct rule, which had been in place since February 2005.

The king’s announcement came in response to a series of protests and demonstrations that had erupted in Nepal, led by political parties and civil society groups who were demanding an end to the authoritarian rule of the monarchy. The protests had been ongoing for several weeks and had gained momentum following a crackdown by security forces in which several protesters were killed.

In his announcement, the king stated that he was committed to ensuring a peaceful transition of power to a democratic government and that he would work to establish a new constitution that would ensure greater rights and freedoms for the Nepalese people. He also pledged to release all political prisoners and to work toward reconciliation with all political parties.

The announcement was widely celebrated by Nepalese citizens, who had been struggling for greater democracy and political freedom for many years. It was seen as a major victory for the pro-democracy movement and paved the way for the establishment of a new democratic government in Nepal.

Today, April 21 is celebrated in Nepal as Loktantra Diwas, or Democracy Day, to commemorate the historic announcement by King Gyanendra and the subsequent restoration of democracy in the country.

With this I come to an end of todays events, and now  last but not the least 21st April is celebrated as Civil Services to honor and appriciate the work of Public Administrative officers across the country.


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